What is periodontal disease?
It is important to understand exactly what periodontal disease is, before discussing its signs and symptoms. Periodontal disease is a condition that involves gingiva (gums), the teeth, periodontal ligaments as well as the supporting alveolar bone. There are two conditions that are included in periodontal diseases, namely gingivitis and periodontitis.
What does periodontal disease result in?
Initial stages of gingivitis can be reversed using tooth cleaning procedures as well as the maintenance of good oral hygiene, however, the more advanced and progressed stages of gingivitis and periodontitis can result in tooth loss. The weakening of the periodontal ligament causes the loosening of the tooth in its socket and hence, eventual detachment from the alveolar bone. This initially results in tooth mobility and later, tooth loss. It is for this reason that it is critically important to prevent the development of periodontal disease, the progressed stages of which are irreversible and will ultimately result in tooth and bone loss. Read more